Orthodontics is a dentistry subspeciality that deals with the alignment and straightening of teeth. It can correct adult and pediatric orthodontic issues, such as crowding, misalignment and crossbite. Many treatments exist for correcting these problems, but each type has unique benefits. They can enhance your teeth’ appearance and help you achieve a healthier smile. You can improve dental malocclusions through a Carmichael, CA orthodontics treatment and reduce the risk of possible tooth decay and gum disease. Here are five common types of orthodontic treatments and how they can improve your oral health and appearance.

1. Braces

Braces are the most common orthodontic treatment used to move teeth into place. They can be made of metal or plastic and can correct issues like an overbite or underbite. Braces are often combined with other treatments like Invisalign or clear aligners. Many types of braces can help straighten your teeth. They include traditional metal brackets and wires, clear plastic aligners and removable appliances.

2. Aligners

Aligners are small, removable plastic devices worn at night to help align teeth. They are less expensive than braces and allow you to eat, drink, and brush normally without special attachments or wires.

Aligners are most commonly used for children who have not yet developed enough bone density in their jaws for traditional orthodontic treatment. They may also be an alternative if your child’s bite is overly changing during treatment. Also, if you have concerns about wearing permanent appliances for years at a time, aligners might be your best option.

3. Expansion Devices

Expansion devices are used to widen the upper jaw. You can wear them for some time, then remove them and reinsert them into a different position in your mouth. The expansion device’s main purpose is to correct an overbite or crossbite by widening the upper jaw and opening up space for teeth that were crowded together.

There are two types of expansion devices. They include fixed and removable devices. Fixed devices are usually placed on top of your upper front teeth. Removable ones fit around your lower jaw like bracers.

4. Retainers

Retainers are removable but can be taken out to eat or brush your teeth. You should wear them while you sleep, usually around 22 hours a day. Retainers might not be as effective if not won regularly. This is because the braces do not have enough time to correct your teeth in natural positions.

If you are not wearing your retainer, it is important to continue wearing it as much as possible. Also, if you need a new retainer, see your orthodontist or dentist immediately.

5. Palatal Expanders

Palatal expanders are used to treat crossbites. They are made of metal or plastic and attach to the palate with a set screw that expands it. Palatal expanders can be worn for months at a time but must be removed before your orthodontist activates your teeth back into their normal positions.

The palate is the hard part of your mouth, separating your nasal cavities from your oral cavities. When you have a crossbite, there is an unevenness in how much space each of your jaws has. Your upper jaw may be slightly longer than normal, which can cause your teeth to shift forward into their adjacent positions or vice versa.

You do not need to struggle with various orthodontic issues. There are effective treatments that might improve your condition. Contact Gaiduchik Orthodontics to access high-quality orthodontic care for you or your child. Through Dr Andrey Gaiduchik, DDS, you can be certain your orthodontic issues will improve. Call today or use the online feature to book an appointment at his Carmichael, California office.