A hysteroscopy is a medical procedure that diagnoses and treats issues in the uterus. It uses a hysteroscope, a tool with a small camera that helps visualize the inside of your womb or uterus. Your doctor views the images taken by the hysteroscope through a monitor. Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure since it does not involve cutting or making incisions on your skin. The instrument is passed through your vaginal opening into your cervix, meaning there would be no need for anesthesia. Learn more about the San Diego hysteroscopy procedures to be better prepared during your appointment.
What Are the Different Types of Hysteroscopies?
Two types of hysteroscopies can help in identifying issues with your uterus. They include diagnostic and operative hysteroscopies. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is commonly used in identifying structural issues within your uterus causing unusual bleeding. It is also an excellent procedure that helps to confirm the accurate results of other reproductive tests such as hysterosalpingography or ultrasound.
On the other hand, an operative hysteroscopy helps treat uterine abnormalities detected by a diagnostic hysteroscopy test. Your doctor can perform these tests simultaneously to eliminate the need for other surgeries.
When Would You Need a Hysteroscopy?
A hysteroscopy might be necessary if you experience problems such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, bleeding after menopause, and miscarriages. Also, you can benefit from a hysteroscopy if you struggle with repetitive uterine conditions such as fibroids, polyps, adhesions, and septums. Your doctor might also recommend this procedure if you wish to locate your intrauterine device (IUD).
Who Is Eligible for a Hysteroscopy?
Before a hysteroscopy procedure, your doctor reviews and evaluates your medical history and current health status to determine whether you are a good candidate. Even though a hysteroscopy has numerous benefits for your reproductive health, it might only be right for some.
It is best to avoid this procedure if you are pregnant or struggling with pelvic infections. The tool used during a hysteroscopy procedure might cause a miscarriage when pregnant or worsen your pelvic infection.
What Can You Expect During a Hysteroscopy?
Before the procedure, your doctor might ask you to empty your bladder before administering a sedative or anesthesia. You will then need to position your legs in stirrups to allow for a proper and effective pelvic examination. Your doctor will dilate your cervix and insert the hysteroscope through your vagina into your uterus.
Afterward, they will clear any blood or mucus in your uterus to allow a proper view of your uterine lining and fallopian tubes. If abnormalities are present, your doctor inserts various surgical instruments through the hysteroscope to remove them. This procedure typically takes 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the type of tests done.
After the Procedure
Depending on the type of hysteroscopy done, you might need to stay in the hospital for a few hours to allow your doctor to monitor you closely. You may experience light cramping and bleeding that can last a few days.
However, if you develop severe cramping and bleeding, consult your doctor immediately to eliminate a potential cause of infection. After the procedure, you might feel light-headed or sickly due to the effects of anesthesia used during treatment.
Hysteroscopy is a safe procedure that can diagnose and treat uterine abnormalities without damaging the surrounding tissues. It is also a precise procedure that can help prevent further reproductive complications. If you have anxiety during your hysteroscopy procedure, ensure you have a gynecologist you can entrust to help you stay relaxed and comfortable.